Zapolye is a small village in the Tver region — in the region of Russia, which occupies the first place in the number of abandoned villages. I know of five generations of my family who have lived in this place, and I have become a representative of the latter. Since 2003, no children have been born in zapolye, and the remaining residents are gradually dying out. For many centuries, the peasant population was a producer of vital resources, which forced the state to support this layer of the population even in times of serious crises. However, the revolution of 1917 radically changed the situation. The Bolsheviks who came to power sought to destroy the peasantry by making it the workers of the village. The plan to link the city and village failed, but this did not prevent the destruction of the village. The first years of collectivization and the struggle against the kulaks took the lives of about 10 million people. farmers, and further, virtually involuntary labor has eradicated the ability to independently manage the economy. The collapse of the USSR and the crisis of the 90s became the last point in the history of agrarian Russia. Former collective farmers, one after another, began a mass Exodus to the cities in search of a livelihood. The extinction of villages in Russia is the result of another experiment of the Soviet government, which led to irreversible consequences. Russian villages and villages continue to die one after another: in a few years zapolye will join the list of extinct settlements, and the chthonic emptiness of the village will become a reminder of the consequences of utopian ambitions.

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